Guangzhou is the capital of Guangdong Province and is one of the most important metropolis centres in China. Located on the Pearl River about 120 km north-northwest of Hong Kong and 145 km north of Macau, Guangzhou has a history of over 2,200 years and was a major terminus of the maritime Silk Road and continues to serve as a major port and transportation hub. Guangzhou was captured by the British during the First Opium War. No longer enjoying a monopoly after the war, it lost trade to other ports such as Hong Kong and Shanghai, but continued to serve as a major transshipment port. It is the heart of the China, which extends into the neighboring cities of Foshan, Dongguan, Zhongshan, Shenzhen and part of Jiangmen, Huizhou, Zhuhai and Macao, forming the largest urban agglomeration on Earth with more than 46.7 million inhabitants.
The city is home to many of China’s most prestigious universities including Sun Yat-sen University, South China University of Technology, South China Normal University and Jinan University. Guangzhou is also one of the top cities in the world by scientific research outputs as tracked by the Nature Index and it ranks 15th globally and fifth in China after Beijing, Shanghai, Nanjing and Wuhan.
Chimelong Safari Resort, Ascend Canton Tower, Shamian Island, Chen Clan Ancestral Hall, Guangzhou Opera House, Zhujiang New Town, Sacred Heart Cathedral, Statue of Five Goats in Yuexiu Park, Baiyun Mountain Park, Pearl River Cruise, Canton Fair and The Museum of the Mausoleum of the Nanyue King attracted most of the tourist in the world.