Thimphu is the capitaland the largest city of Bhutan. It is situated in the western central part of Bhutan and the surrounding valley is one of Bhutan’s dzongkhags, the Thimphu District. The city extends in a northsouth direction on the west bank of the valley formed by the Raidāk River, which is known as the Wang Chuu or Thimphu Chuu in Bhutan. Thimphu is the fifth highest capital in the world by altitude and ranges in altitude from 2,248metres (7,375 feet) to 2,648 metres (8,688 feet).
Unusually for a capital city. Thimphu does not have its own airport, relies on the Paro Airport connected by road some 52 kilometres away.Thimphu is the political and economic center of Bhutan, has a dominant agricultural and livestock base, which contributes 45% of the country’s GNP.The culture of Bhutan is fully reflected in Thimphu in literature, religion, customs, and national dress code, monastic practices of the monasteries, music, dance, and media. Trashi Chho Dzong, Changangkha Lhakhang, Weekend Market, Tango Goemba, National Memorial Chorten, Motithang Takin Preserve, Dechen Phodrang, National Library of Bhutan, Simply Bhutan a Living Museum, National Institute for Zorig Chusum, Clock Tower Square, Tango Buddhist Institute, Simtokha Dzong, Dochula, Folk Heritage Museum, Changlimithang Archery Ground and Bhutan Postal Museum are the most tourist visited place in Thimphu.